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Friday, December 31, 2010

Questions 2011

Dear Reader,

Happy New Year 2011!
If it is interesting, it's for you, otherwise, just to be ignored.

Questions for Myanmar Tourism Industry.

(1) When will VOA be appeared again without pre-arranged method?

(2) When will FEC be disappeared from tourism field as legitimate
status?

(3) When will Myanmar present united hotelier & tourism organization
on national level (today, UMTA, MMC, MHA – all are fragmented!)?

(4) When will Myanmar tourism law permit out-bound tourism
officially?

(5) When will Myanmar hotels offer lower contract rates to previous
year's one (here, it does not mean low season rate Vs high season
rate)?

(6) When will major tour sites be with proper infrastructure; i.e.;
village lanes for horse-cart inside Innwa, Aung Pan- Pindaya road
etc?

(7) When will Inle Lake be ready for home-stay tourism?

(8) When will Paohs stop to ask "forced conductor fees" while visiting
Sagar & Kakku with company guide?

(9) When will old Japanese single men clients stop to ask for
arranging young female companion (not tourist guide) during their
stay?

(10) When will reliable trips by train come in the market in this
beautifully landscaped country?

(11) When will Myanmar Hotelier & Tourism Institute be appeared on
national level?

(12) When tourists should come to see authentic tribal culture and
social life (here, it does not mean man-made parade Naga New Year
Festival)?

(13) When will Yangon attract more intensively with varieties of show,
galleries, night markets, theme parks, particular daily local scenes?

(14) When will Myanmar local tour guides eject Korean tour leaders who
do not have any respect to official regulation, do not have co-
operation with local people and do not hire local guide neither?

(15) When will Myanmar tourism & hotelier field let foreign
expatriates go home? (Today, reliable figures show that more than 80%
of foreigners' marriage & living together with Myanmar women are from
tourism field).

(16) When will be possible to stop equality of NRCs & Foreign
Expropriates for payment condition in (some) tourism & hotelier
promotion?

(17) When will wise & experienced senior tutor guides appear again in
the field like in years 1994/5's guide training
courses?

(18) When will be possible to see "tour guide reference library" in
Myanmar with thousands of books (especially on Myanmar) in several
languages? A poor writer alone (Saya Paragu) can afford to establish
such a library, so, why wealthy guides cannot do collectively?

(19) When will be possible to see reliable "leisure tourism event
calendar" (not like Orchid Show in Inle & Nyaung Shwe, not like
forthcoming ChinLone show in Bagan – a reliable scheduled ones in tour
season – Gem Emporium is not for leisure market)?

(20) When will be possible to see newly introduced E-tickets of zone
fee without so many commercial logos?

(21) When will be possible to see more hotels around Golden Rock
pagoda?

To be continued.

You are kindly invited to continue for speaking out in above mentioned
serial numbers that we have many questions to be discussed. Thank
you.

Xavier

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Re: ေရႊတိဂံုေစတီေတာ္ ယခုႏွစ္ ႏုိင္ငံျခားေငြရရွိမႈ ၁၀ႏွစ္အတြင္း အမ်ားဆံုးျဖစ္

Dear friend

ခြင့္ ၿပဳ ပါ သူ ငယ္ ခ်င္း တို့။ေကာ သလ မင္း ႀကီး ၇ဲ့ အိမ္ မက္ ၁၆ ခ်က္ ကို ပဲ ၇င္ ဘက္ ၾကီး ထဲ ေ၇ာက္ ေ၇ာက္ လာ တယ္ ကြာ။

ကၽြန္ ေတာ္ ကို က မွား ေန တာ ပဲ ၿဖစ္ မွာ ပါ။

2010/12/29 Frankie Nyi Nyi <nyinyi@gmail.com>
 
 

Sent to you by Frankie Nyi Nyi via Google Reader:

 
 


ေရႊတိဂံုေစတီေတာ္တြင္ ယခုႏွစ္ႏုိင္ငံျခားေငြရရွိမႈမွာ ၁၀ ႏွစ္တာ ကာလအတြင္း၌ အမ်ားဆံုး ရရွိခဲ့ေၾကာင္း ေရႊတိဂံုေစတီေတာ္ ေဂါပကရံုးမွ ႏုိင္ငံျခားသား ဝင္ေရာက္မႈ စာရင္းမ်ားအရ သိရသည္။ ေရႊတိဂံုေစတီေတာ္သို႔ ႏိုင္ငံျခားသားတစ္ဦးလွ်င္ ၅ ေဒၚလာ (သို႔မဟုတ္) 5 FEC ေကာက္ခံလ်က္ရွိရာတြင္ ယခုႏွစ္တြင္ ႏိုင္ငံျခားသား ဝင္ေရာက္မႈႏႈန္းမွာ ၁၀ ႏွစ္တာကာလအတြင္း အမ်ားဆံုးဝင္ေရာက္သည့္ ႏွစ္ျဖစ္ေသာေၾကာင့္ ႏုိင္ငံျခားေငြ ရရွိမႈႏႈန္းမွာ ျမင့္မားခဲ့ျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။ ေရႊတိဂံုေစတီေတာ္သုိ႔ ႏုိင္ငံေပါင္း ၅၀ ေက်ာ္မွ ဝင္ေရာက္လ်က္ရွိရာ ထုိင္းႏိုင္ငံႏွင့္ တရုတ္ႏိုင္ငံမွ အမ်ားဆံုးဝင္ေရာက္လ်က္ရွိေၾကာင္း သိရသည္။ "ဒီႏုိင္ငံကို လာလည္ရင္ တခ်ိဳ႕က ႏွစ္ေခါက္ေလာက္လာၾကတယ္။ တခ်ိဳ႕က အရင္ႏွစ္ကလာရင္ တုိင္တည္သြားတာေတြက ေအာင္ျမင္ၾကေတာ့ ဒီႏွစ္မွာလဲဆက္ၿပီး လာၾကတယ္။ သူတုိ႔ေတြက ေရႊတိဂံုဘုရားကို ေတာ္ေတာ္ၾကည္ညိဳၾကတယ္"ဟု တရုတ္လူမ်ိဳး ဧည့္သည္မ်ားအား ဘာသာျပန္တာဝန္ႏွင့္ လုိက္ပါလာသူတစ္ဦးက ေျပာၾကားခဲ့ေၾကာင္း ၂၀၁၀ ခုႏွစ္ ဒီဇင္ဘာ ၃၀ ရက္ေန႔ထုတ္ ရန္ကုန္တုိင္း(မ္) ဂ်ာနယ္တြင္ ေဖာ္ျပထားပါသည္။ ""

 
 

Things you can do from here:

 
 

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Re: All payment in half USD and half FEC

Dear all,

သီေပါ ကMr.Charle's guest house က ေတာ့ FEC ကို လံုး၀ လက္မခံဘူး။ခပ္တင္းတင္းပဲ။ဒီထုတ္ထားတဲ့စါလဲ လက္မခံဘူး။
သူတို့မွာ FCH လိုင္စင္လဲ မ၇ွိဘူး။Bank account လဲ မ ၇ွိ ဘူး။
ေ၇ြး စ ၇ာ လဲ ေနာက္ hotel မ၇ွိ ေတာ. သူ တို့မာသမ်ွ ေအာင္.ခံ ေန ၿက ၇ တယ္။
သူ တို့ ဆီ က လမ္းၿပ ေလး ေတြ လည္း သူ တို့ ေပးမ်ွ နဲ. ေအာင့္ ခံ ေန ၿက ၇ ၇ွာ တယ္။
သိ တဲ့ guideေတြ၊agent ေတြ ေ၇းၾက ပါ အံုး။သိ တဲ့ အေႀကာင္း ေလး ေ၇း ႀက ၇င္ ပဲ သူ တို. ေႀက နပ္ ပါ တယ္ တဲ့။Lonely မ ၿဖစ္ေတာ့ဘူးေပါ့ တဲ့...ဗ်ာ။



2010/12/30 Naung Naung Han <naungnaung.han@gmail.com>
ဒီကိစၥကေတာ္ေတာ္ဆိုးတယ္။ ဒီဟိုတယ္က လက္မခံဘူးဆိုေတာ့ ေနာက္ဟိုတယ္ကသူတို႔လဲလက္မခံေတာ့ဘူး။ ရီစရာေကာင္းတာက အဲဒီေဒၚလာ ေတာင္းေနတဲ့ဟိုတယ္ေတြက သူတို႔၀န္ထမ္းေတြကိုေတာ့ ေဒၚလာမေပးပါဘူး။



2010/12/29 Nyi Nyi ® <nyinyi@gmail.com>

ဟုိတယ္ ႏွင့္ ခရီးသြား လာေရး လုပ္ငန္း ၀န္ႀကီး ဌာနက ဟိုတယ္ အခန္းခမ်ား
ေပးေခ်ျခင္း ဆုိင္ရာ လိုက္နာ ေဆာင္ရြက္ ရ မည့္ အခ်က္ မ်ားကို ထပ္မံ
ထုတ္ျပန္ ေၾက ညာ လုိက္ေၾကာင္း သိရသည္။

အဆိုပါ လုိက္နာ ေဆာင္ရြက္ ရမည့္ အခ်က္ မ်ားမွာ ဘဏ္စာရင္း ရွိေသာ ဟို
တယ္မ်ား အတြက္ ဘဏ္ေငြလႊဲ စနစ္ျဖင့္ ေငြ ေပးေခ် ႏုိင္ျခင္း၊ ဘဏ္ စာရင္း
မရွိေသာ ဟိုတယ္မ်ား အေနျဖင့္ အက္ဖ္အီးစီ ကိုသာ ကိုင္ေဆာင္ခြင့္ ရွိျခင္း၊
ေငြေပးေခ် ရာတြင္ ျမန္မာ က်ပ္ေငြျဖင့္ ေပးေခ်ေရး ညိႇႏႈိင္း ေဆာင္ရြက္
ႏုိင္ျခင္း၊ ခရီးသြား ကုမၸဏီမ်ား သည္ ဘဏ္မွ ရရွိေသာ အက္ဖ္အီးစီျဖစ္
ေၾကာင္း အေထာက္ အထား ရွိရန္ လုိအပ္ ျခင္း တုိ႔ျဖစ္သည္။

ျပည္တြင္း ေငြေၾကး ေစ်းႏႈန္း မ်ားက် ဆင္း လာသျဖင့္ ဟိုတယ္ အခန္းခ မ်ားကို
အေမရိကန္ ေဒၚလာျဖင့္ ေပးေခ်ရန္ ေတာင္း ဆိုမႈမ်ား ရွိခဲ့သည့္ အတြက္
ယခုကဲ့သို႔ ထုတ္ ျပန္ ရျခင္း ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း သိရသည္။

"အက္ဖ္အီးစီ ေစ်းက ေဒၚလာေစ်း ထက္ က်ေနေတာ့ အခန္းခ ေတြကို ေဒၚ လာနဲ႔
ေပးေခ်တာမ်ဳိး မဟုတ္ဘဲ အက္ဖ္အီး စီနဲ႔ ေပးတဲ့ အခါ ၁၀ ရာခုိင္ႏႈန္း ေလာက္
ဟို တယ္ ဘက္က နစ္နာ ပါတယ္။ ကြာဟ ခ်က္ ကို ထပ္ေတာင္းေတာ့ လည္း ခရီးသြား
ကုမၸဏီ ေတြနဲ႔ စကားေျပာ ရတာ ရွိတယ္။ ဘာပဲ ျဖစ္ျဖစ္ ႏႈန္းထား တစ္ခု သတ္သတ္
မွတ္မွတ္ ရွိရင္ ပိုေကာင္းပါမယ္" ဟု ရန္ကုန္ မွ ဟုိတယ္ လုပ္ငန္းရွင္
တစ္ဦးက ေျပာ ၾကား သည္။

"အခု ညိႇေပးလုိက္တဲ့ ပံုစံက ေတာ္ ေတာ္ အဆင္ေျပပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမဲ့  မေတာ္ လုိ႔
အက္ဖ္အီးစီး က ေစ်းျပန္တက္ လုိ႔ ေဒၚလာနဲ႔ပဲ ေပးခ်င္ တယ္ ဆုိရင္ေတာ့ မျဖစ္
ေသးဘူး" ဟု ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ ဟုိတယ္ ဆိုင္ရာ လုပ္ငန္းရွင္ အသင္းမွ
တာ၀န္ရွိသူ တစ္ဦးက ေျပာသည္။

ခင္ႏြယ္၀င္း - the Myanmar Post

Myanmar Bavarian Travels & Tours wrote:
> ----- Original Message -----
> From: Reservation (Ayravata Cruises)
> To: info@ayravatacruises.com
> Sent: Thursday, December 09, 2010 11:57 PM
> Subject: All payment in half USD and half FEC
>
>
> Subject                 : All payment in half USD and half FEC
>
> Dear Value Customer,
>
> Greeting from AYRAVATA CRUISES!
>
> Further to the subject above, this is to inform you that we accept all payment in half USD and half FEC (for example : if your settlement is USD 100 total, we will accept USD 50 and FEC 50) as of 15 Dec 2010 (WED) on ward.
>
> Thank you for your kind understanding and look forward to your continuous support in the future.
>
> Thanks and best regards,
> Ms. Soe Moe Moe Kyi
> (Sales & Reservation Manager)
>
> AYRAVATA CRUISES
> operated with the Vessels RV PANDAW 1947 & RV PAUKAN 2007
> 25, Ground Floor, 38th Street, Kyauktada Township, Yangon, Myanmar
> Tel: +951 380877 * Fax: +951 382734 * Mobile: +95 95050272 ***SHIP GSM PHONE: +95 98632181*** (RV Paukan 2007) +95 98632122*** (RV Pandaw 1947)
> E-MAIL info@ayravatacruises.com; soemoe@ayravatacruises.com
> WEBSITE http://www.ayravatacruises.com/ , http://www.paukan.com/  ,http://www.pandaw1947.com/
> Tourist Transport License No. PA/1958 issued by the Ministry of Hotel and Tourism on 27 Jan 2004
>
> Skype Account : Ayravatacruises

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Radiant Tours & Travels
No. 311 (B), Thumingalar Road, (4) Ward,
South Okkalapa TSP, Yangon, MYANMAR.
Ph: ++ 95 1 560 855, 572 975, 706 117
Fax: ++ 95 1 560 855, 572 975
Email: info@radiant.com.mm, radianttour@gmail.com, radiant.reservation@gmail.com
www.radianttours.com

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Journeyetc

Journeyetc


Happy new year!

Posted: 31 Dec 2010 09:39 AM PST


FlexiJourney Blog

FlexiJourney Blog


100 National Monuments Of USA

Posted: 31 Dec 2010 06:07 AM PST

The United States has 100 protected areas known as national monuments. The government is concerns about protecting mostly prehistoric Indian ruins & artifacts. However, many national monuments were changed to national parks, while others were transferred to state control or disbanded.

(List & the above writing are based on a wikipedia article)

1. Russell Cave National Monument (Alabama)
Russell Cave National Monument, Alabama, USA. One of the many entrances to the cave.Russell Cave National Monument, Alabama, USA. One of the many entrances to the cave. [ Photo by NPS Photo / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryThe Russell Cave National Monument is a U.S. National Monument in northeastern Alabama, United States, close to the town of Bridgeport. The Monument was established on May 11, 1961, when 310 acres (1.3 km²) of land were donated by the National Geographic Society to the American people. It is now maintained by the National Park Service. The National Monument was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. With a mapped length of 7.2 miles (11.6 km), Russell Cave is the third longest mapped cave in Alabama, is ranked 90th on the United States Long Cave List, and is currently listed as number 314 on the World Long Cave List. Its exceptionally large main entrance was used as a shelter by prehistoric Indians from the earliest known human settlement in the southeastern United States, through to European colonization. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

2. Admiralty Island National Monument (Alaska)
Windfall harbour, a natural harbour in Admiralty Island National Monument, AlaskaWindfall harbour, a natural harbour in Admiralty Island National Monument, Alaska [ Photo by U.S. Forest Service photo / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryAdmiralty Island National Monument is located on Admiralty Island in Southeast Alaska. It was created December 1, 1978, and covers 955,747 acres (3,868 km²) of Tongass National Forest in the Panhandle of southeast Alaska. The remoteness of the monument led Congress to pass legislation designating all but 18,351 acres (74 km²) of the monument as the Kootznoowoo Wilderness, ensuring that the vast bulk of this monument will be permanently protected from development. The monument is administered by the U.S. Forest Service, an agency within the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Western Hemlock, Sitka Spruce and Western Redcedar dominate the prolific rainforest vegetation; wildlife in abundance includes both Grizzly and Black Bears, many species of salmon, whales, mountain goats, and deer. It has more brown bears than the entire lower 48 states. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

3. Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve (Alaska)
Caldera of Aniakchak Volcano, Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve, Alaska, USA. View from NE rim across Surprise Lake to Half Cone.Caldera of Aniakchak Volcano, Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve, Alaska, USA. View from NE rim across Surprise Lake to Half Cone. [ Photo by Game McGimsey, Alaska Volcano Observatory / U.S. Geological Survey / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryAniakchak National Monument and Preserve is a U.S. National Monument and National Preserve, consisting of the region around the Aniakchak volcano on the Aleutian Range of south-western Alaska. The area was proclaimed a national monument on December 1, 1978, and established as a national monument and preserve on December 2, 1980. The national monument is 137,176 federal acres (555 km²) and the preserve is 465,603 acres (1,884 km²) of which 439,863 are federal. The area is maintained by the National Park Service. With only 285 documented recreational visits in 2004, this remote place is perhaps the least visited unit of the National Park System. Most visitors fly into the area, but the frequent fog and other adverse weather conditions make landing difficult. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

4. Cape Krusenstern National Monument and Archeological District (Alaska)
Cape Krusenstern National Monument, Alaska, USACape Krusenstern National Monument, Alaska, USA [ Photo by National Park Service employee / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryCape Krusenstern National Monument and the colocated Cape Krusenstern Archeological District is a U.S. National Monument and a National Historic Landmark centered on Cape Krusenstern in northwestern Alaska. Founded on December 1, 1978, it is made up mainly of a coastal plain, containing large lagoons and rolling hills of limestone. The bluffs record thousands of years of change in the shorelines of the Chukchi Sea, as well as evidence of some 9,000 years of human habitation. The archeological district comprises 114 ancient beach ridges which formed approximately 60 years apart. They provide a rare sequential look at over 5000 years of inhabitation. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

5. Misty Fiords National Monument (Alaska)
Misty Fjords National Monument, AlaskaMisty Fjords National Monument, Alaska [ Photo by Zarxos / CC BY-SA 2.5 ]

Satellite ImageryMisty Fiords National Monument (or Misty Fjords National Monument) is a protected area administered by the United States Forest Service on the Pacific Ocean coast of North America, in extreme southeastern Alaska and covering 2,294,343 acres (9,246 km²) of Tongass National Forest in Alaska's Panhandle. All but 151,832 acres (614 km²) is designated wilderness; Congress reserved the non-wilderness area for the Quartz Hill molybdenum deposit, possibly the largest such mineral deposit in the world. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

6. Rose Atoll Marine National Monument (American Samoa)
Aerial View of Rose Island (American Samoa) in the Pacific OceanAerial View of Rose Island (American Samoa) in the Pacific Ocean [ Photo by U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryRose Atoll Marine National Monument is a U.S. national monument in the South Pacific Ocean, covering 13,451 square miles (8,608,640 acres) and encompassing the Rose Atoll National Wildlife Refuge, which was established in 1973 with 39,066 acres (only 20 acres (81,000 m2) emergent). Rose Atoll National Wildlife Refuge is part of the Pacific Remote Islands National Wildlife Refuge Complex. The monument's marine areas are likely to also be incorporated in the Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary. Rose Atoll is a small island about 170 miles (270 km) to the east of Tutuila, the principal island of American Samoa. It is a nesting site for rare species of petrels, shearwaters, and terns; and at the signing of the order establishing the monument, President George W. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

7. Agua Fria National Monument (Arizona)
Highland shrubs in Agua Fria National Monument, Arizona, USAHighland shrubs in Agua Fria National Monument, Arizona, USA [ Photo by BLM Photo / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryAgua Fria National Monument is located in the U.S. state of Arizona, approximately 40 miles (64 km) north of downtown Phoenix, Arizona. Created by Presidential proclamation on January 11, 2000, the 71,100 acre (288 km²) monument is managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, an agency within the U.S. Department of the Interior. The U.S. Bureau of Land Management already managed the lands; however, under monument status the level of protection and preservation of resources within the new monument have been enhanced. The monument is a unit of the BLM's National Landscape Conservation System. Over 450 distinct Native American structures have been identified in the monument, some of large pueblos containing more than 100 rooms each. The enhanced protection status also provides greater habitat protection for the numerous plant and animal communities. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

8. Canyon de Chelly National Monument (Arizona)
E. S. Curtis (1904): Canon de Chelly – Navajo. Seven riders on horseback and dog trek against background of canyon cliffs.E. S. Curtis (1904): Canon de Chelly – Navajo. Seven riders on horseback and dog trek against background of canyon cliffs. [ Photo by Edward S. Curtis (1868–1952) / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryCanyon de Chelly National Monument was established on April 1, 1931 as a unit of the National Park Service. It is located in northeastern Arizona within the boundaries of the Navajo Nation. It preserves ruins of the early indigenous tribes that lived in the area, including the Ancient Pueblo Peoples (also called Anasazi) and Navajo. The monument covers 131 square miles (339 km2) and encompasses the floors and rims of the three major canyons: de Chelly, del Muerto, and Monument. These canyons were cut by streams with headwaters in the Chuska mountains just to the east of the monument. Canyon de Chelly is unique among National Park service units, as it consists entirely of Navajo Tribal Trust Land which remains in the ownership of the Navajo Nation and is home to the canyon community, while park matters are administered by the National Park Service. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

9. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument (Arizona)
Casa Grande ruins under shelter; shelter was built in the 1930sCasa Grande ruins under shelter; shelter was built in the 1930s [ Photo by John Dodds / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryThe national monument consists of the ruins of multiple structures surrounded by a compound wall constructed by the ancient people of the Hohokam period, who farmed the Gila Valley in the early 13th century. "Casa Grande" is Spanish for "big house" (Siwan Wa'a Ki: in O'odham); these names refer to the largest structure on the site, which is what remains of a four story structure that may have been abandoned by the mid-15th century. The structure is made of caliche, and has managed to survive the extreme weather conditions for about seven centuries. Graffiti from 19th-century passers-by is scratched into its walls; though this is now illegal. Casa Grande now has a distinctive modern roof covering built in 1932. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

10. Chiricahua National Monument (Arizona)
Balanced rock in Chiricahua National Monument.Balanced rock in Chiricahua National Monument. [ Photo by Pretzelpaws / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryChiricahua National Monument is a unit of the National Park Service located in the Chiricahua Mountains. It is famous for its extensive vertical rock formations. The monument is located approximately 36 miles (58 km) southeast of Willcox, Arizona. It preserves the remains of an immense volcanic eruption that shook the region some 27 million years ago. Called the Turkey Creek Caldera eruption, it eventually laid down two thousand feet of ash and pumice, highly siliceous in nature. This eventually hardened into rhyolite tuffs, and eroded into the natural features visible at the monument today. The National Monument was designated on April 18, 1924. The national monument also preserves the Faraway Ranch, owned at one time by Swedish immigrants Neil and Emma Erickson. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

11. Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument (Arizona)
Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument, Arizona.Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument, Arizona. [ Photo by Tainter / GNU ]

Satellite ImageryGrand Canyon-Parashant National Monument (sometimes referred to as Parashant National Monument) is located on the northern edge of the Grand Canyon in northwest Arizona. It was established by Presidential Proclamation 7265 on January 11, 2000. This remote area of open, undeveloped spaces is an impressive and diverse landscape that includes an array of scientific and historic resources. The national monument is a very remote and undeveloped place jointly managed by the National Park Service (NPS) and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). There are no paved roads into the monument and no visitor services. The size of the monument is 1,048,316 acres (424,238 ha), which is larger than the state of Rhode Island. The BLM portion of the monument consists of 808,744 acres (327,287 ha). (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

12. Hohokam Pima National Monument (Arizona)
Hohokam Pima National MonumentHohokam Pima National Monument [ Photo by BruceandLetty / CC BY 2.0 ]

Satellite ImageryThe Hohokam Pima National Monument, which includes the archaeological site known as Snaketown, is an ancient Hohokam village within the Gila River Indian Community, near present day Sacaton, Arizona. Snaketown was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1964. It was further protected by its declaration as a National Monument in 1972, and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. The site is owned by the Gila River Indian Community, which has decided not to open this sensitive area to the public. The museum at the nearby Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, in Coolidge, Arizona, contains artifacts from Snaketown. There is no public access to the Hohokam Pima National Monument. Snaketown was first excavated in 1934 by the Gila Pueblo Foundation, under the direction of Harold S. Gladwin. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

13. Ironwood Forest National Monument (Arizona)
View of Ragged Top Mountain, described as the biological and geological crown jewel of the Silver Bell Mountains in the Ironwood Forest National Monument.View of Ragged Top Mountain, described as the biological and geological crown jewel of the Silver Bell Mountains in the Ironwood Forest National Monument. [ Photo by http://www.photos.blm.gov / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryIronwood Forest National Monument is located in the Sonoran Desert and the U.S. state of Arizona. Created by Bill Clinton by Presidential Proclamation 7320 on June 9, 2000, the 129,022 acre (522 km²) monument is managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, an agency within the U.S. Department of the Interior. Although the National Monument status applies only to federal lands, the monument perimeter surrounds about 189,000 acres (765 km2) contiguous of federal and private land holdings, including Arizona State School Trust lands. A significant concentration of Ironwood (also known as Desert Ironwood, Olneya tesota) trees is found in the monument, along with two federally recognized endangered animal and plant species. More than 200 Hohokam and Paleoindian archaeological sites have been identified in the monument, dated between 600 and 1450. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

14. Montezuma Castle National Monument (Arizona)
Montezuma Castle National Monument, en:Arizona.Montezuma Castle National Monument, en:Arizona. [ Photo by Postdlf / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryMontezuma Castle National Monument, located near Camp Verde, Arizona, in the Southwestern United States, features well-preserved cliff-dwellings. They were built and used by the Pre-Columbian Sinagua people around 700 AD. Several Hopi clans trace their roots to immigrants from the Montezuma Castle/Beaver Creek area. Clan members periodically return to their former homes for religious ceremonies. When European Americans discovered them in the 1860s, they named them for the Aztec emperor (of Mexico) Montezuma II, due to mistaken beliefs that the emperor had been connected to their construction. (See also Montezuma (mythology).) It was one of the four original sites designated National Monuments by President Theodore Roosevelt after the passage of the antiquities act. The National Monument was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

15. Navajo National Monument (Arizona)
Betatakin Cliff Dwellings at Navajo National Monument in Arizona, United StatesBetatakin Cliff Dwellings at Navajo National Monument in Arizona, United States [ Photo by Jon Sullivan / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryNavajo National Monument preserves three of the most intact cliff dwellings of the ancestral puebloan people (Hisatsinom). The Navajo people who live here today call these ancient ones Anasazi. The monument is high on the Shonto plateau, overlooking the Tsegi Canyon system in the Navajo Nation in northern Arizona. The monument, located west of Kayenta, Arizona, features a visitor center, two short self-guided mesa top trails, two small campgrounds, and a picnic area. Rangers guide visitors on free tours of the Keet Seel (Kitsʼiil) and Betatakin (Bitátʼahkin) cliff dwellings. The Inscription House site (Tsʼah Biiʼ Kin), further west, is currently closed to public access. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

16. Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument (Arizona)
Organ Pipe & antler, OPNM.Organ Pipe & antler, OPNM. [ Photo by Miguel Angel de la Cueva / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]

Satellite ImageryOrgan Pipe Cactus National Monument is a U.S. National Monument and UNESCO biosphere reserve located in extreme southern Arizona which shares a border with the Mexican state of Sonora. The park is the only place in the United States where the Organ Pipe Cactus grows wild. Along with Organ Pipe, many other types of cacti, as well as other desert flora native to the Yuma Desert section of the Sonoran Desert region grow here. The Park is a beautiful preservation of the American Southwest. Land for the graded through the Monument was donated by the Arizona state legislature to the federal government during Prohibition knowing that the north-south road would be improved and make contraband alcohol easier to import from Mexico. In 1937 the land was officially opened as a national monument. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

17. Pipe Spring National Monument (Arizona)
Pipe Spring National Monument, Arizona, USA. Winsor Castle, a mormon ranchPipe Spring National Monument, Arizona, USA. Winsor Castle, a mormon ranch [ Photo by NPS Photo / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryPipe Spring National Monument is located in the U.S. state of Arizona, and is rich with American Indian, early explorer, and Mormon pioneer history. The National Monument was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966, and the boundaries of the Pipe Spring National Monument Historic District (a portion of the monument) were expanded in October 2000. The water of Pipe Spring has made it possible for plants, animals, and people to live in this dry desert region. Ancestral Puebloans and Kaibab Paiute Indians gathered grass seeds, hunted animals, and raised crops near the springs for at least 1,000 years. Pipe Springs was discovered and named by the 1858 Latter-day Saint missionary expedition to the Hopi mesas led by Jacob Hamblin. In the 1860s Mormon pioneers from St. George, Utah, led by James M. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

18. Sonoran Desert National Monument (Arizona)
Vegetation in Sonoran Desert National Monument, ArizonaVegetation in Sonoran Desert National Monument, Arizona [ Photo by BLM Photo, http://www.blm.gov/ / public domain ]

Satellite ImagerySonoran Desert National Monument is located south of Goodyear and Buckeye and east of Gila Bend, Arizona. Created by Presidential proclamation on January 17, 2001, the 496,337 acre (2,008 km²) monument is managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM), an agency within the U.S. Department of the Interior. The U.S. Bureau of Land Management already managed the lands, however under monument status, the level of protection and preservation of resources is enhanced. Sonoran Desert National Monument protects but a small portion of the Sonoran Desert, which is 120,000 square miles (311,000 km²), and extends well into California and the country of Mexico. The North Maricopa Mountains, South Maricopa Mountains and the Table Top Wildernesses protect the richest regions of desert habitat from any future development. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

19. Sunset Crater Volcano (Arizona)
Sunset Crate National Monument, Arizona, USA. Cinder cone.Sunset Crate National Monument, Arizona, USA. Cinder cone. [ Photo by NPS Photo, http://photo.itc.nps.gov/ / public domain ]

Satellite ImagerySunset Crater is a volcanic cinder cone located north of Flagstaff in U.S. State of Arizona. The crater is within the Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument. The eruptions forming the 340-meter-high cone (1,120 ft) were initially considered from tree-ring dating to have begun between the growing seasons of 1064–1065 AD; however, more recent paleomagnetic evidence places the onset of the eruption sometime between about 1080 and 1150 AD. The largest vent of the eruption, Sunset Crater itself, was the source of the Bonito and Kana-a lava flows that extended about 2.5 kilometers (1.6 mi) NW and 9.6 kilometers (6 mi) NE, respectively. Additional vents along a 10-kilometer-long fissure (6.2 mi) extending SE produced small spatter ramparts and a 6.4-kilometer-long lava flow (4 mi) to the east. The hiking trail below the summit skirts the substantial Bonito Lava Flow. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

20. Tonto National Monument (Arizona)
Lower Cliff Dwelling, Tonto National Monument, Roosevelt, Arizona, USALower Cliff Dwelling, Tonto National Monument, Roosevelt, Arizona, USA [ Photo by Bernard Gagnon / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryTonto National Monument is a National Monument in central Arizona, United States. The area lies on the northeastern edge of the Sonoran Desert, which is generally arid land with annual rainfall of about 16 inches (400 mm) here. The Salt River runs through this area, providing a rare, year-round source of water. Well-preserved cliff dwellings were occupied by the Salado culture during the 13th, 14th, and early 15th centuries. The people farmed in the Salt River Valley and supplemented their diet by hunting and gathering native wildlife and plants. The Salado were fine craftsmen, producing some of the most flamboyant polychrome pottery and intricately woven textiles to be found in the Southwest. Some of the artifacts excavated nearby are on display in the visitor center museum. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

21. Tuzigoot National Monument (Arizona)
Walls of Pueblo in Tuzigoot National Monument, ArizonaWalls of Pueblo in Tuzigoot National Monument, Arizona [ Photo by NPS Photo / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryTuzigoot National Monument (Western Apache: Tú Digiz) preserves a 2 to 3 story pueblo ruin on the summit of a limestone and sandstone ridge just east of Clarkdale, Arizona, 120 feet (36 m) above the Verde River floodplain. The pueblo has 110 rooms. The National Park Service currently owns 58 acres (230,000 m2), within an authorized boundary of 834 acres (3.38 km2). Tuzigoot is Apache for "crooked water", from nearby Peck's Lake, a cutoff meander of the Verde River. Historically, it was built by the Sinagua people between 1125 and 1400 CE. Tuzigoot is the largest and best-preserved of the many Sinagua pueblo ruins in the Verde Valley. The mounment is located on land once owned by United Verde/Phelps Dodge. The corporation sold the site to Yavapai County for $1, so that the excavation could be completed under the auspices of federal relief projects. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

22. Vermilion Cliffs National Monument (Arizona)
The Wave, ArizonaThe Wave, Arizona [ Photo by Greg Bulla, gregbulla.com / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryVermilion Cliffs National Monument is located in Arizona, immediately south of the Utah state line. This National Monument, 294,000 acre (1,189 km²) in area, protects the Paria Plateau, Vermilion Cliffs, Coyote Buttes, and Paria Canyon. Elevations in the Monument range from 3,100 feet to 6,500 feet above sea level (944 to 1,981 meters). Established on November 9, 2000, by a Presidential proclamation by Pres. Bill Clinton, Vermilion Cliffs National Monument was carved from existing lands already under the management of the U.S. Government in extreme northern Coconino County, Arizona, immediately south of the border with the state of Utah. The monument is administered by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, an agency within the U.S. Department of the Interior. The Vermilion Cliffs themselves run along the southern and eastern edges of this National Monument. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

23. Walnut Canyon National Monument (Arizona)
Ancient cliff dwellings of the Sinagua people on Island Trail at Walnut Canyon National Monument.Ancient cliff dwellings of the Sinagua people on Island Trail at Walnut Canyon National Monument. [ Photo by Ken Thomas, KenThomas.us / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryWalnut Canyon National Monument is a United States National Monument located about 10 mi (16 km) southeast of downtown Flagstaff, Arizona, just off Interstate 40. The canyon rim lies at 6,690 ft (2,040 m); the canyon's floor is 350 ft lower. A 0.9 mi (1.4 km) long loop trail descends 185 ft (56 m) into the canyon passing 25 cliff dwelling rooms constructed by the Sinagua, a pre-Columbian cultural group that lived in Walnut Canyon from about 1100 to 1250 CE. Other contemporary habitations of the Sinagua people are preserved in the nearby Tuzigoot and Montezuma Castle national monuments. The Sinagua, who inhabitanted the dwellings in Walnut Canyon, left mysteriously around 1250 CE. It is thought that the Sinagua left because of fear of neighboring tribes or droughts, but it is not certain. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

24. Wupatki National Monument (Arizona)
Wupatki Ruins Ball CourtWupatki Ruins Ball Court [ Photo by Dspetc / public domain
]

Satellite ImageryThe Wupatki National Monument is a National Monument located in north-central Arizona, near Flagstaff. Rich in Native American ruins, the monument is administered by the National Park Service in close conjunction with the nearby Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument. The many settlement sites scattered throughout the monument were built by the Ancient Pueblo People, more specifically the Sinagua, Cohonina, and Kayenta Anasazi. Wupatki was first inhabited around 500CE. A major population influx began soon after the eruption of Sunset Crater in the 11th century (between 1040-1100), which blanketed the area with volcanic ash; this improved agricultural productivity and the soil's ability to retain water. By 1182, about 85 to 100 people lived at Wupatki Pueblo and by 1225, the site was permanently abandoned. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

25. Cabrillo National Monument (California)
Cabrillo Statue at Cabrillo National Monument (near San Diego, California)Cabrillo Statue at Cabrillo National Monument (near San Diego, California) [ Photo by Kmf164 / CC BY-SA 2.5 ]

Satellite ImageryCabrillo National Monument is located at the southern tip of the Point Loma Peninsula in San Diego, California. It commemorates the landing of Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo at San Diego Bay on September 28, 1542. This event marked the first time that a European expedition had set foot on what later became the West Coast of the United States. On October 14, 1913, by presidential proclamation, Woodrow Wilson reserved 0.5 acres (2,000 m2) of Fort Rosecrans for "The Order of Panama… to construct a heroic statue of Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo." By 1926 no statue had been placed and the Order of Panama was defunct, so Calvin Coolidge authorized the Native Sons of the Golden West to erect a suitable monument. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

26. California Coastal National Monument (California)
islands and rocks of California Coastal National Monumentislands and rocks of California Coastal National Monument [ Photo by BLM-Photo / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryThe California Coastal National Monument is located along the entire coastline of the U.S. state of California. Created by Presidential proclamation on January 11, 2000, the monument, which covers about 1,000 acres (400 ha) of land, is managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, an agency of the U.S. Department of the Interior. The creation of the monument ensures the protection of all islets, reefs and rock outcroppings from the coast of California to a distance of 12 nautical miles (22 km) along the entire 840-mile (1,350 km) long California coastline. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

27. Carrizo Plain (California)
A Fall view of Carrizo Plain National Monument from the Selby Campground.A Fall view of Carrizo Plain National Monument from the Selby Campground. [ Photo by manoseca / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryThe Carrizo Plain is a large enclosed plain, approximately 50 miles (80 km) long and up to 15 miles (24 km) across, in southeastern San Luis Obispo County, California, about 100 miles (160 km) northwest of Los Angeles, California. It contains the 250,000 acre (1,012 km²; 101,215 ha) Carrizo Plain National Monument, and it is the largest single native grassland remaining in California. It includes Painted Rock in the Carrizo Plain Rock Art Discontiguous District, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It is one of the easiest places to view surface fractures of the San Andreas Fault which traverses below the plain. The plain extends northwest from the town of Maricopa, following the San Andreas Fault. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

28. Devils Postpile National Monument (California)
Rainbow fall at Devils Postpile National MonumentRainbow fall at Devils Postpile National Monument [ Photo by Mila Zinkova / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryDevils Postpile National Monument is located near Mammoth Mountain in extreme northeastern Madera County in eastern California. It was established in 1911, and protects Devils Postpile, an unusual formation of columnar basalt. Devils Postpile National Monument contains 798 acres (3.23 km2) and includes two main tourist attractions: Devils Postpile (a columnar basalt formation); and Rainbow Falls, a waterfall on the Middle Fork of the San Joaquin River. In addition, the John Muir Trail and Pacific Crest Trail pass through the monument. Devils Postpile National Monument was once part of Yosemite National Park, but discovery of gold in 1905 near Mammoth Lakes prompted a boundary change that left the Postpile on adjacent public land. A proposal to build a hydroelectric dam later called for blasting the Postpile into the river. Influential Californians, including Walter L. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

29. Giant Sequoia National Monument (California)
Giant SequoiaGiant Sequoia [ Photo by exquisitur / CC BY 2.0 ]

Satellite ImageryThe Giant Sequoia National Monument is a 328,000-acre (1,330 km2) U.S. National Monument located in the southern Sierra Nevada in eastern central California. It is administered by the United States Forest Service as part of the Sequoia National Forest and includes 38 of the 39 Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) groves that are located in the Sequoia National Forest, about half of the sequoia groves currently in existence, including one of the ten largest Giant Sequoias, the Boole Tree, which is 269 feet (82 m) high with a base circumference of 112 feet (38 m). The forest covers 824 square miles (1,326 square kilometers). The monument is in two sections. The northern section surrounds General Grant Grove and other parts of Kings Canyon National Park and is administered by the Hume Lake Ranger District. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

30. Lava Beds National Monument (California)
Lava Beds National Monument, California at dawnLava Beds National Monument, California at dawn [ Photo by Beej Jorgensen / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]

Satellite ImageryLava Beds National Monument is located in northeastern California, in Siskiyou and Modoc Counties. The Monument lies on the northeastern flank of the Medicine Lake Volcano, with the largest total area covered by a volcano in the Cascade Range. Lava Beds National Monument has numerous Lava tube caves, with twenty five having marked entrances and developed trails for public access and exploration. The monument also offers trails through the high Great Basin xeric shrubland desert landscape and the volcanic fields. Dripstone was created when lava splashed on the inside walls of the tubes. The leaching of minerals from pumice gravel, soils, and overlying rock provides for deposition of secondary speleothems in lava tubes. Lava Beds National Monument has the largest concentration of lava tube caves in North America. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

31. Muir Woods National Monument (California)
This is a beautiful picture of sunlight shining through sequoia trees in Muir Woods.This is a beautiful picture of sunlight shining through sequoia trees in Muir Woods. [ Photo by Richs5812 / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryMuir Woods National Monument is a unit of the National Park Service on the Pacific coast of southwestern Marin County, California, 12 miles (19 km) north of San Francisco and part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. It protects 559 acres (226 ha), of which 240 acres (97 ha) are old growth Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) forests, one of a few such stands remaining in the San Francisco Bay Area. The Monument is an old-growth coastal redwood forest. Due to its proximity to the Pacific Ocean, the forest is regularly shrouded in coastal fogs, contributing to a wet environment that encourages vigorous plant growth. The fog is also vital for the growth of the redwoods as they use moisture from the fog during the dry summer. The Monument is cool and moist year round with average daytime temperatures between 40 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit (4 to 21 °C). (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

32. Pinnacles National Monument (California)
Rock formations at w:Pinnacles National MonumentRock formations at w:Pinnacles National Monument [ Photo by Mbz1 / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryPinnacles National Monument is a protected mountainous area located east of central California's Salinas Valley. The Monument's namesakes are the eroded leftovers of half of an extinct volcano. Pinnacles NM lies about 40 miles (64 km) inland from the Pacific Ocean and about 80 miles (130 km) south of the San Francisco Bay Area. The monument is in the southern portion of the Gabilan Range, part of California's Coast Ranges. The climate is Mediterranean, typical on the Southern and Central California coast. The Santa Lucia Mountains lie between the Monument and Pacific Ocean, blocking much of the moderating influence of the Ocean. In comparison to the nearby coast, temperatures have a daily larger range that can be 50 °F to 100 °F (10 °C to 38 °C). The average rainfall is 16 inches (410 mm) per year. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

33. Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument (California)
Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument, California, USA. North face of San Jacinto MountainsSanta Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument, California, USA. North face of San Jacinto Mountains [ Photo by Geographer / CC BY 1.0 ]

Satellite ImageryThe Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument is a National Monument in Southern California. It includes portions of the Santa Rosa and San Jacinto ranges, the northernmost of the Peninsular Ranges, west of the Coachella Valley. The national monument covers portions of Riverside County. It is located approximately 100 miles (160 km) southeast of Los Angeles. Many species within the national monument are state and federal listed as threatened or endangered, including the Peninsular Bighorn Sheep, a subspecies endemic to the Peninsular Ranges. More than 200 cultural resources have been recorded on federally-managed lands within the monument including the Martinez Canyon Rockhouse, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The differences in elevation, temperature, and moisture gives rise to diverse vegetation. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

34. Canyons of the Ancients National Monument (Colorado)
Canyon of the Ancients National Monument.Canyon of the Ancients National Monument. [ Photo by Nationalparks / CC BY-SA 2.5 ]

Satellite ImageryCanyons of the Ancients National Monument is located in the southwestern region of the U.S. state of Colorado, and is managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, an agency within the U.S. Department of the Interior. Created by a Presidential proclamation on June 9, 2000, the monument encompasses 164,000 acres (663 km²) and surrounds three of the four separate sections of Hovenweep National Monument, which is administered by the National Park Service. Canyons of the Ancients was set aside to preserve and protect the largest concentration of archeological sites in the United States. As of 2005, over 6,000 individual archeological sites had been identified within the monument. Stone towers which may have been lookout or sentry posts, are found scattered throughout the monument. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

35. Colorado National Monument (Colorado)
Independence monument in Colorado National Monument with Fruita, Colorado in the backgroundIndependence monument in Colorado National Monument with Fruita, Colorado in the background [ Photo by Daniel Schwen / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryColorado National Monument (locally referred to as The Monument) is a part of the National Park Service near the city of Grand Junction, Colorado. Spectacular canyons cut deep into sandstone and even granite–gneiss–schist rock formations, in some areas. This is an area of semi-desert land high on the Colorado Plateau, with pinion and juniper forests on the plateau. The park hosts a wide range of wildlife, including red-tailed hawks and golden eagles, ravens, jays, desert bighorn sheep, and coyotes. Activities include hiking, horseback riding, road bicycling, and scenic drives; a visitor center on the west side contains a natural history museum and gift shop. There are magnificent views from trails and the Rim Rock Drive, which winds along the plateau. Nearby are the Book Cliffs, and the largest flat-topped mountain in the world, the Grand Mesa. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

36. Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument (Colorado)
Florissant Fossil Beds National MonumentFlorissant Fossil Beds National Monument [ Photo by Huebi / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryFlorissant Fossil Beds National Monument is a national monument noted for its fossils in Teller County, Colorado, United States. It is located in a mountain valley just west of Pikes Peak and holds spectacular remnants of prehistoric life. The fossils are contained in the Florissant Formation of Eocene age. Huge petrified redwoods and very detailed fossils of ancient insects and plants reveal a very different landscape in Paleogene Colorado. Almost 35 million years ago, enormous volcanic eruptions— now designated the Thirtynine Mile volcanic area— buried the then-lush valley and petrified the redwood trees that grew there. A lake formed in the valley, and the fine-grained sediments at its bottom became the final resting-place for thousands of insects and plants. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

37. Yucca House National Monument (Colorado)
Entrance to Yucca House National Monument.Entrance to Yucca House National Monument. [ Photo by Nationalparks / CC BY-SA 2.5 ]

Satellite ImageryYucca House National Monument is a United States National Monument located in Montezuma County, Colorado, United States. Yucca House is a large, unexcavated Ancestral Puebloan archaeological site. President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed the site a National Monument on December 19, 1919, after the donation of 9.5 acres (38,000 m2) of land on July 2, 1919 by a private landowner. It was one of many research national monuments designated during that era to preserve them for future investigation, and not necessarily as sites expected to be significant public attractions. As a National Park Service historic area, the park was administratively listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. Currently, there are no facilities or fees at Yucca House. The site is managed by Mesa Verde National Park. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

38. Dinosaur National Monument (Colorado, Utah)
Green River Canyon in Dinosaur National MonumentGreen River Canyon in Dinosaur National Monument [ Photo by Michael Rissi / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryDinosaur National Monument is a National Monument located on the southeast flank of the Uinta Mountains on the border between Colorado and Utah at the confluence of the Green and Yampa Rivers. The nearest communities are Vernal, Utah and Dinosaur, Colorado. This park has fossils of dinosaurs including Allosaurus, Abydosaurus (a nearly complete skull, lower jaws and first four neck vertebrae of the specimen DINO 16488 found here at the base of the Mussentuchit Member of the Cedar Mountain Formation is the holotype for the description) and various long-neck, long-tail sauropods. It was declared a National Monument on October 4, 1915. The rock layer enclosing the fossils is a sandstone and conglomerate bed of alluvial or river bed origin known as the Morrison Formation from the Jurassic Period some 150 million years old. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

39. Hovenweep National Monument (Colorado, Utah)
Hovenweep National MonumentHovenweep National Monument [ Photo by National Park Service photo / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryHovenweep National Monument straddles the Colorado-Utah border Northeast of Bluff, Utah, United States. President Warren G. Harding proclaimed Hovenweep a National Monument on March 2, 1923. The Monument consists of six clusters of Native American ruins. Four of these are in Colorado: Holly Canyon, Hackberry Canyon, Cutthroat Castle and Goodman Point. In Utah, the two sets of ruins are known as Square Tower and Cajon. The modest Monument headquarters is located at Square Tower Group between Pleasant View, Colorado and Hatch Trading Post, Utah. In 1854, W.D. Huntington and an expedition of Mormon colonists were the first people of European descent to see the Hovenweep ruins, which were already known to the Ute and Navajo tribes. The name Hovenweep, which means "deserted valley" in Piute/Ute languages, was adopted by pioneer photographer William Henry Jackson in 1874. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

40. President Lincoln's Cottage at the Soldiers' Home (District of Columbia)
Lincoln Cottage in August of 2007.Lincoln Cottage in August of 2007. [ Photo by Mvincec / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryPresident Lincoln's Cottage is a national monument on the grounds of the Soldiers' Home, known today as the Armed Forces Retirement Home. It is located in the Petworth and Park View neighborhoods of Washington, D.C.. President Lincoln's Cottage was formerly known as Anderson Cottage. President Abraham Lincoln and family resided seasonally on the grounds of the Soldiers' Home to escape the heat and political pressure of downtown Washington, as did President James Buchanan before him. President Lincoln's Cottage also served as the Summer White House for Presidents James Buchanan (1857-1861), Rutherford B. Hayes (1877-1881), and Chester A. Arthur (1881-1885). The historic Cottage, built in the Gothic revival style, was constructed from 1842 to 1843 as the home of George Washington Riggs, who went on to establish the Riggs National Bank in Washington, D.C. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

41. Castillo de San Marcos (Florida)
The north wall of the Castillo de San Marcos.The north wall of the Castillo de San Marcos. [ Photo by Victor Patel / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryThe Castillo de San Marcos site is the oldest masonry fort in the United States located in the city of St. Augustine, Florida. Construction was begun on the fort in 1672 by the Spanish when Florida was a Spanish possession. During the twenty year period of British occupation from 1763 until 1784, the fort was renamed Fort St. Mark, and after Florida became a U.S. territory in 1821 the fort was again renamed to Fort Marion, in honor of revolutionary war hero Francis Marion. In 1942 the original name of Castillo de San Marcos was restored by Congress. The European city of St. Augustine was founded by admiral Pedro Menéndez de Avilés for the Spanish Crown in 1565 on a site of a former Native American village. Over the next one hundred years, the Spanish built nine wooden forts for the defense of the town in various locations. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

42. Fort Matanzas National Monument (Florida)
Fort MatanzasFort Matanzas [ Photo by Intergalacticz9 / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryCommemorated in 1924, Fort Matanzas National Monument is a United States National Monument run by the National Park Service. The Monument consists of a 1740 Spanish fort, Fort Matanzas, and about 100 acres (0.4 km²) of salt marsh and barrier islands along the Matanzas River on the northern Atlantic coast of Florida. It is operated by the Park Service in conjunction with the Castillo de San Marcos National Monument and several sites in the city of St. Augustine. Fort Matanzas guards Matanzas Inlet, the southern mouth of the Matanzas River, which can be used as a rear entrance to the city of St. Augustine. Such an approach avoids St. Augustine's primary defense system centered at Castillo de San Marcos. In 1740, Gov. James Oglethorpe of Georgia used the inlet to blockade St. Augustine and launch a 39 day siege. St. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

43. Fort Frederica National Monument (Georgia)
Ruins of Frederica homeRuins of Frederica home [ Photo by Bubba73, Jud McCranie / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryFort Frederica National Monument, on St. Simons Island, Georgia, preserves the archaeological remnants of a fort and town built by James Oglethorpe between 1736 and 1748 to protect the southern boundary of the British colony of Georgia from Spanish raids. About 630 British troops were stationed at the fort. A town of up to 500 colonial residents had grown up outside the fort. The town was named Frederica, after Frederick, Prince of Wales, son of King George II. The monument was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1966. In the early 18th century, Europeans called the land lying between British South Carolina and Spanish Florida the Debatable Land. Today's state of Georgia was then the center of a centuries-old imperial conflict between Spain and Britain. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

44. Fort Pulaski National Monument (Georgia)
Inside of Ft. PulaskiInside of Ft. Pulaski [ Photo by Bubba73, Jud McCranie / CC BY 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryFort Pulaski National Monument is located between Savannah and Tybee Island, Georgia. It preserves Fort Pulaski, notable as the place where, during the American Civil War, in 1862, the Union Army successfully tested a rifled cannon. The success of the test rendered brick fortifications obsolete. The fort was also used as a prisoner-of-war camp. The National Monument includes most of Cockspur Island (containing the fort) and all of adjacent McQueens Island. Following the War of 1812, President James Madison ordered a new system of coastal fortifications to protect the United States against foreign invasion. Construction of a fort to protect the port of Savannah began in 1829 under the direction of Major General Babcock, and later Second Lieutenant Robert E. Lee, a recent graduate of West Point. The new fort would be located on Cockspur Island at the mouth of the Savannah River. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

45. Ocmulgee National Monument (Georgia)
The Temple Mound was built atop a bluff overlooking Walnut Creek, a major tributary of the Ocmulgee RiverThe Temple Mound was built atop a bluff overlooking Walnut Creek, a major tributary of the Ocmulgee River [ Photo by Visiblyannoyed / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryOcmulgee National Monument preserves traces of over ten millennia of Southeastern Native American culture, including major earthworks built more than 1,000 years ago by Mississippian culture peoples: the Great Temple and other ceremonial mounds, a burial mound, and defensive trenches. They represented highly skilled engineering techniques and soil knowledge, and the organization of many laborers. The 702-acre (2.84 km2) park is located on the east bank of the Ocmulgee River. Present-day Macon, Georgia has developed around the site. While the mounds had been studied by some travelers, professional excavation did not begin until the 1930s, under the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression. The Works Progress Administration (WPA) sponsored large-scale archaeological digs at the site between 1933 and 1942. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

46. Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (Hawaii)
The interior of Laysan, showing its lake and the birds that nest there.The interior of Laysan, showing its lake and the birds that nest there. [ Photo by Cindy Rehkemper, http://www.doi.gov/ / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryThe Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (aka Papahānaumokuākea) is a World Heritage listed, U.S. National Monument encompassing 140,000 square miles (360,000 km2) of ocean waters, including ten islands and atolls of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, internationally recognized for both its cultural and natural values as follows: As a mixed site with natural and cultural resources, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) commented on the natural features of the monument, and the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) assessed its cultural aspects. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

47. World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument (Hawaii, Alaska, California)
USS Arizona memorial in Pearl HarborUSS Arizona memorial in Pearl Harbor [ Photo by ErgoSum88 / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryThe World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument is a United States national monument honoring several aspects of American engagement in World War II. It encompasses 9 sites in 3 states totaling 6,310 acres (2,550 ha): The monument will be administered by the National Park Service and the Fish and Wildlife Service. The actual wrecks of the Arizona, Utah, and Oklahoma are not parts of the monument, and remain under the jurisdiction of the US Navy. The monument was created on December 5, 2008, through an executive order issued by President George W. Bush under the authority of the Antiquities Act of 1906. The proclamation date was selected in anticipation of the 67th anniversary of the Attack on Pearl Harbor, on December 7, 2008. This is the first proclamation of a national monument in Alaska since passage of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA). (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

48. Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve (Idaho)
Craters of the Moon, Idaho, USA. North Crater in winter.Craters of the Moon, Idaho, USA. North Crater in winter. [ Photo by NPS image / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryCraters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve is a national monument and national preserve located in the Snake River Plain in central Idaho, U.S.A. It is along US 20 (concurrent with US 93 & US 26), between the small cities of Arco and Carey, at an average elevation of 5,900 feet (1,800 m) above sea level. The protected area's features are volcanic and represent one of the best preserved flood basalt areas in the continental United States. The Craters of the Moon Lava Field spreads across 618 square miles (1,601 km2) and is the largest mostly Holocene-aged basaltic lava field in the lower 48 U.S. states. The Monument and Preserve contain more than 25 volcanic cones including outstanding examples of spatter cones. The 60 distinct lava flows that form the Craters of the Moon Lava Field range in age from 15,000 to just 2,000 years. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

49. Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument (Idaho)
Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument, Idaho, USA. View over Snake RiverHagerman Fossil Beds National Monument, Idaho, USA. View over Snake River [ Photo by NPS Photo / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryHagerman Fossil Beds National Monument near Hagerman, Idaho, contains the largest concentration of Hagerman Horse fossils in North America. The fossil horses for which the Monument is famous have been found in only one locale in the northern portion of the Monument called the Hagerman Horse Quarry. The 4,351-acre (17.6 km²) Monument is internationally significant because it protects the world's richest known fossil deposits from a time period called the late Pliocene epoch, 3.5 million years ago. These plants and animals represent the last glimpse of that time that existed before the Ice Age, and the earliest appearances of modern flora and fauna. This is also significant because the fossils present during this period of the Pliocene represent species which were alive during the early stages in the evolution of man, albeit on a different continent. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

50. Effigy Mounds National Monument (Iowa)
Mississippi River from Effigy Mounds National Monument, Iowa, USAMississippi River from Effigy Mounds National Monument, Iowa, USA [ Photo by Seiadoon / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryThe North Unit (67 mounds) and South Unit (29 mounds) are located where the counties meet along the Mississippi River. They are contiguous and easily accessible. The Sny Magill Unit (112 mounds) is approximately 11 miles (17 km) south of the other units, and offers no visitor facilities. It forms the heart of a cluster of interrelated protected areas. It is adjacent to the Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge, the Driftless Area National Wildlife Refuge, the Yellow River State Forest, and a short distance to the south, Pikes Peak State Park. There are also a number of state-owned wildlife management areas, such as the one at Sny Magill Creek, where Clayton County also maintains a county park. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

51. Poverty Point National_Monument (Louisiana)
Mound A at the Poverty Point site, Louisiana, USA. A prehistoric site of various earthworks, including ring walls and mounds.Mound A at the Poverty Point site, Louisiana, USA. A prehistoric site of various earthworks, including ring walls and mounds. [ Photo by kniemla / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]

Satellite ImageryPoverty Point (French: Pointe de Pauvreté) is a prehistoric Earthworks of the Poverty Point culture, now a historic monument located in the Southern United States. It is 15.5 miles (24.9 km) from the current Mississippi River, and situated on the edge of Maçon Ridge, near the village of Epps in West Carroll Parish, Louisiana. Poverty Point comprises several earthworks and mounds built between 1650 and 700 BCE, during the Archaic period in the Americas by a group of Native Americans of the Poverty Point culture. The culture extended 100 miles (160 km) across the Mississippi Delta. The original purposes of Poverty Point have not been determined by archaeologists, although they have proposed various possibilities including that it was: a settlement, a trading center, and/or a ceremonial religious complex. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

52. Fort McHenry (Maryland)
Outside Fort McHenry. Fort McHenry, in Baltimore, Maryland, is a star shaped fort best known for its role in the War of 1812 when it successfully defended Baltimore Harbor from an attack by the British navy in the Chesapeake Bay.Outside Fort McHenry. Fort McHenry, in Baltimore, Maryland, is a star shaped fort best known for its role in the War of 1812 when it successfully defended Baltimore Harbor from an attack by the British navy in the Chesapeake Bay. [ Photo by Ad Meskens / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryFort McHenry, in Baltimore, Maryland, is a star shaped fort best known for its role in the War of 1812 when it successfully defended Baltimore Harbor from an attack by the British navy in the Chesapeake Bay. It was during this bombardment of the fort that Francis Scott Key was inspired to write "The Star-Spangled Banner", the poem that would eventually be set to the tune of the "To Anacreon in Heaven", to become the national anthem of the United States. Designed by Frenchman Jean Foncin in 1798 and named after James McHenry, a Scots-Irish immigrant and surgeon-soldier who became Secretary of War under President Washington, Fort McHenry was built after America won its independence to defend the important Port of Baltimore from future enemy attacks. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

53. Grand Portage National Monument (Minnesota)
Grand Portage National Monument, Minnesota, USA. The reconstructed fur trading fort from on top of Mount RoseGrand Portage National Monument, Minnesota, USA. The reconstructed fur trading fort from on top of Mount Rose [ Photo by Xerxes2004 / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryGrand Portage National Monument is a United States National Monument located on the north shore of Lake Superior in northeastern Minnesota that preserves a vital center of fur trade activity and Anishinaabeg Ojibwe heritage. The Grand Portage is an 8.5-mile (13.7 km) (2720 rod) footpath which bypasses a set of waterfalls and rapids on the last 20 miles (32 km) of the Pigeon River before it flows into Lake Superior. This path is part of the historic trade route of the French-Canadian voyageurs between their wintering grounds and their depots to the east. Composed of the Pigeon River and other strategic interior waterways, as well as the Grand Portage and many other important land portages, this route was of enormous importance in pre-industrial times. It provided quick water access from Canada's settled areas and Atlantic ports to the fur-rich NorthWest. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

54. Pipestone National Monument (Minnesota)
Pipestone quarry at en:Pipestone National Monument.Pipestone quarry at en:Pipestone National Monument. [ Photo by National Park Service employee / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryPipestone National Monument is located in southwestern Minnesota, just north of the city of Pipestone, Minnesota. It is located along the highways of U.S. Route 75, Minnesota State Highway 23 and Minnesota State Highway 30. The catlinite, or "pipestone", has been traditionally used to make ceremonial pipes, vitally important to traditional Plains Indian religious practices. The quarries are sacred to the Dakota, Lakota, and other tribes of Native Americans, and were neutral territory where all Nations could quarry stone for ceremonial pipes. The Sioux tribes may have taken control of the quarries around 1700, but the Minnesota pipestone has been found inside North American burial mounds dating from long before that, and ancient Indian trails leading to the area suggest pipestone may have been quarried there for many centuries. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

55. George Washington Carver National Monument (Missouri)
George Washington Carver National MonumentGeorge Washington Carver National Monument [ Photo by Matthew A. Lynn / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryGeorge Washington Carver National Monument is a unit of the National Park Service located about two miles west of Diamond, Missouri; the national monument was founded on July 14, 1943, by Franklin Delano Roosevelt who dedicated $30,000 US to the monument. It was the first national monument dedicated to an African-American and first to a non-President. The site preserves the site of the boyhood home of George Washington Carver, as well as the 1881 Moses Carver house and the Carver cemetery. It features a nature trail and museum. His boyhood home consists of rolling hills, woodlands, and prairies. The 210-acre (85 ha) park has a 3/4 mile (1.2 km) nature trail, museum, and an interactive exhibit area for students. This cultural setting includes the 1881 Historic Moses Carver house and the cemetery. It is open year round, from 9 am-5 pm. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

56. Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument (Montana)
Little Bighorn memorial obelisk by Durwood BrandonLittle Bighorn memorial obelisk by Durwood Brandon [ Photo by Durwood Brandon / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryLittle Bighorn Battlefield National Monument preserves the site of the June 25, 1876, Battle of the Little Bighorn, near Crow Agency, Montana, in the United States. It also serves as a memorial to those who fought in the battle: George Armstrong Custer's 7th Cavalry and a combined Lakota-Northern Cheyenne and Arapaho force. Custer National Cemetery, on the battlefield, is part of the national monument. The site of a related military action led by Marcus Reno and Frederick Benteen is also part of the national monument, but is about three miles (5 km) southeast of the Little Bighorn battlefield. The first memorial on the site was assembled by Captain George K. Sanderson and the 11th Infantry. They buried soldiers' bodies where they were found and removed animal bones. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

57. Pompeys Pillar National Monument (Montana)
The Pompeys Pillar National Monument BoardwalkThe Pompeys Pillar National Monument Boardwalk [ Photo by Larry D. Moore / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryPompeys Pillar National Monument is a rock formation located in south central Montana, United States. Designated a National Monument on January 17, 2001, and managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, it consists of only 51 acres (21 ha), making it one of the smallest National Monuments in the U.S. It was previously designated a National Historic Landmark on July 25, 1965. The pillar itself stands 150 feet (45 m) above the Yellowstone River and consists of sandstone from the late Cretaceous Hell Creek Formation, 75–65 million years ago. The base of the pillar is approximately 1 acre (0.4 ha). The pillar features an abundance of Native American petroglyphs, as well as the signature of William Clark, co-leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

58. Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument (Montana)
Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument, Montana, United StatesUpper Missouri River Breaks National Monument, Montana, United States [ Photo by BLM-Photo / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryThe Missouri Breaks is located in central Montana, U.S. and is managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM) under the full title of Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument. Called "The Breaks" by locals, it is a series of badland areas characterized by rock outcroppings, steep bluffs and grassy plains. Created on January 17, 2001, it encompasses 377,000 acres (1,530 km²), most of which were already managed by the U.S. Government. The adjacent Missouri River was designated a Wild and Scenic River in 1976 and forms a western boundary while the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge is to the east. The Breaks country was a model for many of the paintings done by painter Charles M. Russell. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

59. Agate Fossil Beds National Monument (Nebraska)
University and Carnegie Hill fossil sites. Agate Fossil Beds National Monument.University and Carnegie Hill fossil sites. Agate Fossil Beds National Monument. [ Photo by Nebular110 / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryAgate Fossil Beds National Monument is a U.S. National Monument near Harrison, Nebraska. The main features of the Monument are a valley of the Niobrara River, and the fossils found on Carnegie Hill and University Hill. The area largely consists of grass-covered plains. Plants on the site include prairie sandreed, blue grama, little bluestem and needle and thread grass, and the wildflowers lupin, spiderwort, western wallflower and sunflowers. The site is best known for the large number of well-preserved Miocene fossils, many of which were found at dig sites on Carnegie and University Hills. Fossils from the site, which date from about 20 million years ago, are among some of the best specimens of Miocene mammals. Species found at Agate include: Originally the Agate Springs Ranch, a working cattle ranch, was owned by Capt. James Cook. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

60. Homestead National Monument of America (Nebraska)
Historic Palmer-Epard-cabin in Homestead National Monument of America, Nebraska, USA.Historic Palmer-Epard-cabin in Homestead National Monument of America, Nebraska, USA. [ Photo by National Park Service photo / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryHomestead National Monument of America, a unit of the National Park System, commemorates passage of the Homestead Act of 1862, which allowed any qualified person to claim up to 160 acres (65 ha) of federally owned land in exchange for five years of residence and the cultivation and improvement of the property. The Act eventually transferred 270 million acres from public to private ownership. The national monument is four miles west of Beatrice, Gage County, Nebraska on a site that includes some of the first acres successfully claimed under the Homestead Act. The national monument was first included in the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. The Homestead Heritage Center, dedicated in 2007, contains exhibits that treat the effect of the Homestead Act on immigration, agriculture, native tribes, the tallgrass prairie ecosystem, and federal land policy. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

61. Scotts Bluff National Monument (Nebraska)
Covered Wagon On Oregon Trail In Scotts Bluff National Monument, NebraskaCovered Wagon On Oregon Trail In Scotts Bluff National Monument, Nebraska [ Photo by Podruznik / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryScotts Bluff National Monument in western Nebraska includes an important 19th century landmark on the Oregon Trail and Mormon Trail. The National Monument contains multiple bluffs (steep hills) located on the south side of the North Platte River, but it is named after one prominent bluff called Scotts Bluff which rises over 830 feet (330 m) above the plains at its highest point. The monument is composed of five rock formations named Crown Rock, Dome Rock, Eagle Rock, Saddle Rock, and Sentinel Rock. The collection of bluffs was first charted by non-native people in 1812 by the Astorian Expedition of fur traders traveling along the river. The expedition party noted the bluffs as the first large rock formations along the river where the Great Plains started giving way to the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

62. Aztec Ruins National Monument (New Mexico)
Aztec Ruins National Monument, New MexicoAztec Ruins National Monument, New Mexico [ Photo by David Jolley / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryThe Aztec Ruins National Monument preserves ancestral Pueblo structures in north-western New Mexico, United States, located close to the town of Aztec and northeast of Farmington, near the Animas River. Salmon Ruins and Heritage Park, with more ancestral Pueblo structures, lies a short distance to the south, just west of Bloomfield near the San Juan River. The buildings date back to the 11th to 13th centuries, and the misnomer attributing them to the Aztec civilization can be traced back to early American settlers in the mid-19th century. The actual construction was by the ancestral Puebloans, the Anasazi. The site was declared "Aztec Ruin National Monument" on January 24, 1923, and with a boundary change it was renamed "Ruins" on July 2, 1928. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

63. Bandelier National Monument (New Mexico)
Remains of multistory dwellings constructed into the side of the canyon wall at Bandelier National Monument in New Mexico.Remains of multistory dwellings constructed into the side of the canyon wall at Bandelier National Monument in New Mexico. [ Photo by Wkgreen / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryBandelier National Monument is a 33,677 acres (13,629 ha) National Monument preserving the homes of the Ancestral Pueblo People. It is named after Swiss anthropologist Adolph Bandelier, who researched the cultures of the area. Bandelier was designated a National Monument on February 11, 1916, while most of its backcountry became a "designated wilderness" in October 1976. The National Park Service co-operates with surrounding pueblos, other federal agencies and state agencies to manage the park, which receives 300,000 visitors annually. Much of the area was covered with volcanic ash (the Bandelier tuff) from an eruption of the Valles Caldera volcano 1.14 million years ago. The tuff overlies shales and sandstones deposited during the Permian period and limestone of Pennsylvanian age. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

64. Capulin Volcano National Monument (New Mexico)
Capulin Volcano National Monument, New Mexico. Capulin Mountain, a huge cinder cone which last erupted between 58,000 to 62,000 years ago, rises more than 1,000 feet above its base.Capulin Volcano National Monument, New Mexico. Capulin Mountain, a huge cinder cone which last erupted between 58,000 to 62,000 years ago, rises more than 1,000 feet above its base. [ Photo by R.D. Miller, USGS / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryCapulin Volcano National Monument, located in northeastern New Mexico, was designated a U.S. National Monument on August 9, 1916. It is an example of an extinct cinder cone volcano that is part of the Raton-Clayton Volcanic Field. A paved road spirals around the volcano and visitors can drive up to a parking lot at the rim. Hiking trails circle the rim as well as lead down into the mouth of the volcano. The visitor center features exhibits about the volcano and the area's geology, natural and cultural history, and offers educational programs about volcanoes. There is also a video presentation about the volcano. Capulin Volcano National Monument is a well-preserved, relatively young (58,000 to 62,000 years old), symmetrical cinder cone. It rises steeply from the surrounding grassland plains to an elevation of 8,182 feet above sea level. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

65. El Malpais National Monument (New Mexico)
View of El Malpais Lava FieldsView of El Malpais Lava Fields [ Photo by Chackerman / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryEl Malpais National Monument is a National Monument located in western New Mexico, in the Southwestern United States. The name El Malpais is from the Spanish term Malpaís, meaning badlands, due to the extremely barren and dramatic volcanic field that covers much of the park's area. The El Malpais is part of the Zuni-Bandera volcanic field, the second largest volcanic field in the Basin and Range Province. The rugged Pahoehoe lava flow filled a large basin rimmed by higher sandstone bluffs, now large wind and water rounded and lighter colored contrasting landforms that surround much of the darker malpais. The park has many inactive volcanoes, some potentially active volcanoes, and in the area geothermal activity. Some of the oldest Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga) trees on the planet, of the Pseudotsuga subspecies Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii subsp. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

66. El Morro National Monument (New Mexico)
El Morro National Monument in New Mexico, US.El Morro National Monument in New Mexico, US. [ Photo by Joel Mills / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryEl Morro National Monument is located on an ancient east-west trail in western New Mexico. The main feature of this National Monument is a great sandstone promontory with a pool of water at its base. As a shaded oasis in the western U.S. desert, this site has seen many centuries of travelers. The remains of a mesa top pueblo are atop the promontory where between about 1275 to 1350 AD, up to 1500 people lived in this 875 room pueblo. The Spaniard explorers called it El Morro (The Headland). The Zuni Indians call it "A'ts'ina" (Place of writings on the rock). Anglo-Americans called it Inscription Rock. Travelers left signatures, names, dates, and stories of their treks. While some of the inscriptions are fading, there are still many that can be seen today, some dating to the 17th century. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

67. Fort Union National Monument (New Mexico)
Fort Union, New Mexico, USAFort Union, New Mexico, USA [ Photo by Nationalparks / CC BY-SA 2.5 ]

Satellite ImageryFort Union National Monument is a unit of the National Park Service located north of Watrous, Mora County, New Mexico, USA. The national monument was founded on April 5, 1956. The site preserves the second of three forts constructed on the site beginning in 1851, as well as the ruins of the third. Also visible is a network of ruts from the Mountain and Cimarron Branches of the old Santa Fe Trail. There is a visitor center with exhibits about the fort and a film about the Santa Fe Trail. The altitude of the Visitor Center is 6760 feet (2060 m). A 1.2-mile (1.9-kilometre) trail winds through the fort's adobe ruins. Fort Union, a hundred and ten miles from Santa Fé, is situated in the pleasant valley of the Moro. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

68. Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument (New Mexico)
Interior of one of the dwellings at the w:Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, New Mexico, USAInterior of one of the dwellings at the w:Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, New Mexico, USA [ Photo by http://library.byways.org/ / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryGila Cliff Dwellings National Monument is a U.S. National Monument in the Gila Wilderness (The Nation's First Wilderness Area) of southwestern New Mexico. The 533-acre (2.16 km2) national monument was established by executive proclamation on November 16, 1907, by President Theodore Roosevelt. It is located in the extreme southern part of Catron County. Tourist can access the site by traveling from US 180, from Silver City, New Mexico, to NM 15. The first European contact with the Gila Cliff Dwellings was by Henry B. Ailman, an emigrant to New Mexico who was residing in Silver City at the time. In the summer of 1878, Ailman found himself, along with a bunch of friends, on a jury list. To avoid serving, they organized a prospecting trip to the Gila River where the site was discovered. Throughout the following years, many visitors would study the dwellings. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

69. Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument (New Mexico)
Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument, New Mexico, United States of America.Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument, New Mexico, United States of America. [ Photo by Julius Rückert. / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryKasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument, located 40 miles southwest of Santa Fe, New Mexico (near Cochiti), is a Bureau of Land Management (BLM) managed site that was established as a U.S. National Monument by President Bill Clinton in January 2001 shortly before leaving office. The area owes its remarkable geology to layers of volcanic rock and ash deposited by a volcanic explosion. Over time, weathering and erosion of these layers has created canyons and tent rocks. The tent rocks themselves are cones of soft pumice and tuff beneath harder caprocks. The monument is open for day use only and may be closed by order of the Cochiti Pueblo Tribal Governor. A 1.2 mile (1.9 km) recreation trail leads up through a slot canyon to a lookout point where the tent rocks may be viewed from above. A 1.3 mile (2 km) loop trail leads past their base. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

70. Petroglyph National Monument (New Mexico)
Petroglyphs on a rock in Petroglyph National Monument, outside Albuquerque, NM.Petroglyphs on a rock in Petroglyph National Monument, outside Albuquerque, NM. [ Photo by Transity / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryPetroglyph National Monument stretches 17 miles (27 km) along Albuquerque, New Mexico's West Mesa, a volcanic basalt escarpment that dominates the city’s western horizon. Authorized June 27, 1990, the 7,236 acre (29.28 km²) monument is cooperatively managed by the National Park Service and the City of Albuquerque. The western boundary of the monument features a chain of dormant fissure volcanoes. Beginning in the northwest corner, Butte volcano is followed to its south by Bond, Vulcan, Black and JA volcanoes. Petroglyph National Monument protects a variety of cultural and natural resources including five volcanic cones, hundreds of archeological sites and an estimated 25,000 images carved by Ancestral Pueblo peoples and early Spanish settlers. Many of the images are recognizable as animals, people, brands and crosses; others are more complex. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

71. Prehistoric Trackways National Monument (New Mexico)
Detail of a Paleozoic track in Prehistoric Trackways National Monument, New Mexico.Detail of a Paleozoic track in Prehistoric Trackways National Monument, New Mexico. [ Photo by United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryPrehistoric Trackways National Monument is located in the Robledo Mountains, in the southern region of the U.S. state of New Mexico. The monument's fossilized features are on 5,280 acres (21.37 km2; 8.25 sq mi) of Bureau of Land Management administered land in Doña Ana County. The Prehistoric Trackways National Monument site includes a major deposit of Paleozoic Era fossilized footprints in fossil mega-trackways of land animals, sea creatures, and insects. It also contains fossilized plants and petrified wood. Much of the fossilized material is around 280 million years old and originated during the Permian Period. Prehistoric Trackways National Monument is an addition to the National Landscape Conservation System of the United States of America under the Omnibus Public Land Management Act, signed into law on March 30, 2009. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

72. Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument (New Mexico)
Abó Ruins in Salinas Pueblo Mission National Monument, New MexicoAbó Ruins in Salinas Pueblo Mission National Monument, New Mexico [ Photo by Nationalparks / CC BY-SA 2.5 ]

Satellite ImageryThe Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument is located in the U.S. state of New Mexico, near Mountainair. The main park visitor center is in Mountainair. On December 19, 1980 it was enlarged and two New Mexico State Monuments were absorbed on November 2, 1981. It was renamed on October 28, 1988. Once, thriving Native American trade communities of Tiwa and Tompiro language-speaking Puebloans inhabited this remote frontier area of central New Mexico. Early in the 17th century Spanish Franciscans found the area ripe for their missionary efforts. However, by the late 1670s the entire Salinas District, as the Spanish had named it, was depopulated of both Indian and Spaniard. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

73. White Sands National Monument (New Mexico)
Dunes at White Sands National Monument, New Mexico, USA.Dunes at White Sands National Monument, New Mexico, USA. [ Photo by Jennifer Willbur / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryThe White Sands National Monument is a U.S. National Monument located about 25 km (15 miles) southwest of Alamogordo in western Otero County and northeastern Dona Ana County in the state of New Mexico, at an elevation of 4235 feet (1291 m). The area is in the mountain-ringed Tularosa Basin valley area and comprises the southern part of a 710-km² (275-mi²) field of white sand dunes composed of gypsum crystals. The first exploration was led by a party of US Army officers in 1849. :6 :5 The Mescalero Apache were already living in the area at the time. Hispanic families started farming communities in the area at Tularosa in 1861 and at La Luz in 1863.:6 The idea of creating a national park here goes back at least to 1898, when a group in El Paso proposed a Mescalero National Park. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

74. African Burial Ground National Monument (New York)
African Burial Ground, Manhattan, New YorkAfrican Burial Ground, Manhattan, New York [ Photo by Dmadeo / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryAfrican Burial Ground National Monument at Duane Street and African Burial Ground Way (Elk Street) in Lower Manhattan (New York City) preserves a site containing the remains of more than 400 Africans buried during the 17th and 18th centuries. Historians estimate there may have been 15,000-20,000 burials there. The site's excavation and study was called the most important historic urban archeological project in the United States. The site has been designated a National Historic Landmark and National Monument. Slavery in the New York City area was introduced by the Dutch in New Netherland in the early 17th century. Africans were imported only as slaves, but some became half-free during Dutch times, before New Amsterdam was captured by the British in 1664. Perth Amboy in New Jersey was a busy duty-free center for the importation of slaves. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

75. Castle Clinton (New York)
Castle Clinton in Battery Park, New York CityCastle Clinton in Battery Park, New York City [ Photo by Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) collections / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryCastle Clinton or Fort Clinton was once a circular sandstone fort now located in Battery Park at the southern tip of Manhattan Island, New York City, in the United States. It subsequently became a beer garden, an exhibition hall, a theater, the first immigration station (predating Ellis Island), a very popular public aquarium, and finally a national monument. Construction began in 1808 and was completed in 1811. The fort, known as West Battery (sometimes South-west Battery), was designed by architects John McComb Jr. and Jonathan Williams. It was built on a small artificial island just off shore. West Battery was intended to complement the three-tiered Castle Williams (still extant) on Governors Island, which was East Battery, to defend New York City from British forces in the tensions that marked the run-up to the War of 1812, but never saw action in that or any war. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

76. Fort Stanwix (New York)
Interior of Fort Stanwix, Rome, New York, USAInterior of Fort Stanwix, Rome, New York, USA [ Photo by Ernest Mettendorf / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryFort Stanwix was a colonial fort whose construction was started on August 26, 1758, by British General John Stanwix, at the location of present-day Rome, New York, but was not completed until about 1762. The fort guarded a portage known as the Oneida Carrying Place during the French and Indian War. A reconstructed fort has been built at the site by the National Park Service, and Fort Stanwix National Monument lies in the center of the modern city. In 1768, Fort Stanwix was the site of an important treaty conference between the British and the Iroquois, arranged by William Johnson. By the time of this treaty, the fort had become dilapidated and inactive. The purpose of the conference was to renegotiate the boundary line between Indian lands and white settlements set forth in the Proclamation of 1763. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

77. Governors Island National Monument (New York)
Governor's Island (New York) with skyline of Manhattan in the BackgroundGovernor's Island (New York) with skyline of Manhattan in the Background [ Photo by Fbehnke / CC BY 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryGovernors Island National Monument is located on 22 acres (89,000 m2) of Governors Island, a 172-acre (0.70 km2) island located few hundred yards off the southern tip of Manhattan and just northwest of Red Hook in Brooklyn, at the confluence of the Hudson and East Rivers in New York Harbor. In October 1995, the United States Coast Guard announced it would close its largest base in the United States located on Governors Island, as a cost savings measure. The Coast Guard had established it base on the island in 1966 after the U.S. Army, which maintained Fort Jay on the island as a post since 1794, left the island in 1965. In 1996, the Coast Guard closed the base and conveyed it as surplus property to the federal government's General Services Administration for disposal through transfer or sale. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

78. Statue of Liberty National Monument (New York, New Jersey)
Liberty Island, featuring the Statue of Liberty. This was taken from the Staten Island ferry.Liberty Island, featuring the Statue of Liberty. This was taken from the Staten Island ferry. [ Photo by Spacefem / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryStatue of Liberty National Monument is a national monument comprising Liberty Island and Ellis Island in New York Harbor. The Statue of Liberty was dedicated in 1886. The immigration station at Ellis Island opened in 1892 and closed in 1954. President Calvin Coolidge used his authority under the Antiquities Act to declare the statue a national monument in 1924. In 1937, by proclamation 2250, President Franklin D. Roosevelt expanded the monument to include all of Bedloe's Island, and in 1956, an act of Congress officially renamed it Liberty Island. Ellis Island was made part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument by proclamation of President Lyndon Johnson in 1965. The United States historic district, a single listing on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places, was designated in 1966. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

79. Marianas Trench Marine National Monument (Northern Mariana Islands)
Approaching East Island, Maug Islands, Northern Mariana Islands. Taken from USCGC Sequoia.Approaching East Island, Maug Islands, Northern Mariana Islands. Taken from USCGC Sequoia. [ Photo by Ian Gable, Iag84 / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryThe Marianas Trench Marine National Monument is a United States National Monument created in early 2009 by President George W. Bush, by an executive order given on January 6th. The Mariana Trench Marine National Monument consists of 95,216 square miles (60,938,240 acres). The monument consists of submerged lands and waters of the Mariana Archipelago. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

80. Cascade–Siskiyou National Monument (Oregon)
Soda Mountain, Oregon, USA. The Mountain is the center of en:Soda Mountain Wilderness inside en:Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument. In the background:Soda Mountain, Oregon, USA. The Mountain is the center of en:Soda Mountain Wilderness inside en:Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument. In the background: [ Photo by John Craig, BLM / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryThe Cascade–Siskiyou National Monument is a federally protected area that encompasses approximately 52,940 acres (214 km2) at the junction of the Cascade Range and the Siskiyou Mountains in southwestern Oregon, United States. It was established by President Bill Clinton on June 9, 2000. Native Americans are known from archaeological excavations to have inhabited the region for thousands of years. Nearly 100 dwelling and root-gathering sites belonging to the Modoc, Klamath, and Shasta tribes have been uncovered to date. By the 1880s, they had been completely replaced by white settlers, whose mining cabins still dot the region. Natural features in the monument include Pilot Rock, which is a volcanic neck or interior of an extinct volcano, similarly formed as Devils Tower in Wyoming, and the Soda Mountain Wilderness. The Pacific Crest Trail runs through the monument area. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

81. John Day Fossil Beds National Monument (Oregon)
John Day Fossil Beds in Oregon.John Day Fossil Beds in Oregon. [ Photo by Doug Dolde / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryJohn Day Fossil Beds National Monument is a 14,000-acre (5,700 ha) park in eastern Oregon. Located within the John Day River Basin, this U.S. National Monument is world renowned for its well preserved, remarkably complete record of fossil plants and animals, a record that spans more than 40 of the 65 million years of the Cenozoic Era (also known as the Age of Mammals and Flowering Plants). The monument is divided into three units: Painted Hills (named for the delicately colored stratifications) northwest of Mitchell, Sheep Rock which is northwest of Dayville, and Clarno which is 20 miles (32 km) west of Fossil. Blue Basin is a volcanic ash bowl transformed into claystone by eons of erosion, colored pastel blue by minerals. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

82. Newberry National Volcanic Monument (Oregon)
Newberry Caldera showing Paulina and East Lakes, and Big Obsidian Flow.Newberry Caldera showing Paulina and East Lakes, and Big Obsidian Flow. [ Photo by USGS photo by Lyn Topinka / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryNewberry National Volcanic Monument was designated on November 5, 1990 to protect the area around the Newberry Volcano in the United States. It was created within the boundaries of the Deschutes National Forest and is managed by the U.S. Forest Service. It includes 50,000 acres (20,000 ha) of lakes, lava flows, and spectacular geologic features in central Oregon. The highest point within the Monument is the summit Paulina Peak 7,985 ft (2,434 m), (2,434 m), with views of the Oregon Cascades and the high desert. Paulina Peak may be accessed by road during the summer months, and as the road is both steep and rough, with hairpin turns towards the summit, trailers or long vehicles are discouraged. The summit area of Newberry Volcano holds two alpine lakes full of trout, East Lake and Paulina Lake. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

83. Oregon Caves National Monument (Oregon)
David MonniauxDavid Monniaux [ Photo by David Monniaux / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryOregon Caves National Monument is a national monument in the northern Siskiyou Mountains of southwestern Oregon in the United States. Known primarily for its marble caves, the 488-acre (197 ha) park is located in southeastern Josephine County approximately 24 miles (39 km) as the crow flies south of Grants Pass or a 48-mile (77 km) drive from Grants Pass, including a 19-mile (31 km) drive east of Cave Junction on Oregon Caves Highway 46. In 1874, while a local man named Elijah Davidson was hunting, his dog Bruno chased a bear into a cave. This discovery became an attraction, and in the 1890s developers opened the caves as a commercial enterprise. In 1909, at the urging of Joaquin Miller and other influential men, President William Howard Taft declared the caves a U.S. National Monument. The Monument was managed by the U.S. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

84. Fort Sumter (South Carolina)
Fort Sumter 2009Fort Sumter 2009 [ Photo by Bubba73, Jud McCranie / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryFort Sumter is a Third System masonry coastal fortification located in Charleston harbor, South Carolina. The fort is best known as the site upon which the shots initiating the American Civil War were fired, at the Battle of Fort Sumter. Named after General Thomas Sumter, Revolutionary War hero, Fort Sumter was built following the War of 1812, as one of a series of fortifications on the southern U.S. coast. Construction began in 1827, and the structure was still unfinished in 1860, when the conflict began. Seventy thousand tons of granite were imported from New England to build up a sand bar in the entrance to Charleston harbor, which the site dominates. The fort was a five-sided brick structure, 170 to 190 feet (58 m) long, with walls five feet thick, standing 50 feet (15 m) over the low tide mark. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

85. Jewel Cave National Monument (South Dakota)
Spar crystals cover much of the walls in some sections of the cave. Typically they are a dull brown color like in this room.Spar crystals cover much of the walls in some sections of the cave. Typically they are a dull brown color like in this room. [ Photo by Dave Bunnell / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryJewel Cave National Monument contains Jewel Cave, currently the second longest cave in the world, with just over 151.34 miles (243.56 km) of mapped passageways. It is located approximately 13 miles (21 km) west of the town of Custer in South Dakota's Black Hills. It was discovered in 1900 and became a national monument in 1908. Frank and Albert Michaud, two local homesteaders, discovered the cave in 1900, when they felt cold air blowing out of a small hole in a canyon. It is unknown whether any previous inhabitants of the area were aware of the natural cave opening, which was not large enough for a person to enter. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

86. Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument (Texas)
Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument, Texas, USA - Arial view of hills over Canadian RiverAlibates Flint Quarries National Monument, Texas, USA – Arial view of hills over Canadian River [ Photo by NPS Photo / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryAlibates Flint Quarries National Monument is a U.S. National Monument in the State of Texas. For thousands of years, people came to the red bluffs above the Canadian River for flint, vital to their existence. Demand for the high quality, rainbow-hued flint is reflected in the distribution of Alibates Flint through the Great Plains and beyond. The quarry pits were not very large, between 5 to 25 feet wide and 4 to 7 feet deep. Many of these quarries were exploited by the Antelope Creek people between 1200 and 1450. The stone-slabbed, multi-room houses built by the Antelope Creek people have long been of interest to the public and studied by archaeologists. Today this area is protected by the U.S. National Park Service and can only be viewed by ranger-led guided tours, which must be made in advance. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

87. Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument (United States Minor Outlying Islands south-southwest of Hawaii)
Kingman Reef (Pacific Ocean) - small strip of dry landKingman Reef (Pacific Ocean) – small strip of dry land [ Photo by Joann94024 / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryThe Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument is a group of unorganized, mostly unincorporated United States Pacific Island territories managed by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the United States Department of the Interior. These remote refuges are "the most widespread collection of marine- and terrestrial-life protected areas on the planet under a single country's jurisdiction". They protect many endemic species including corals, fish, shellfish, marine mammals, seabirds, water birds, land birds, insects, and vegetation not found elsewhere. The Pacific Remote Islands National Marine Monument was proclaimed a national monument on January 6, 2009 by U.S. President George W. Bush. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

88. Cedar Breaks National Monument (Utah)
Cedar Breaks National Monument during late afternoon.Cedar Breaks National Monument during late afternoon. [ Photo by Marc Averette / CC BY 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryCedar Breaks National Monument is a U.S. National Monument located in the U.S. state of Utah near Cedar City. Cedar Breaks is a natural amphitheater canyon, stretching across 3 miles (4.8 km), with a depth of over 2,000 feet (610 m). The elevation of the rim of the canyon is over 10,000 feet (3,000 m) above sea level. The eroded rock of the canyon is similar to formations at Bryce Canyon National Park, but has its own distinct look. Because of its elevation, snow often makes it inaccessible to vehicles from October through May. Its canyon-rim visitor center, tiny compared to the visitor centers at nearby and better-known Bryce Canyon and Zion National Park, is open only from June through October, although park headquarters at a lower elevation in Zion is open the rest of the year. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

89. Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument (Utah)
Metate Arch and Straight Cliffs, Devil's Garden, Escalante-Grand Staircase N.M.Metate Arch and Straight Cliffs, Devil's Garden, Escalante-Grand Staircase N.M. [ Photo by Shamim Mohamed / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]

Satellite ImageryThe Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument contains 1.9 million acres (7,571 km²) of land in southern Utah, the United States. There are three main regions: the Grand Staircase, the Kaiparowits Plateau, and the Canyons of the Escalante. President Bill Clinton designated the area as a U.S. National Monument in 1996 using his authority under the Antiquities Act. The Monument stretches from the towns of Big Water, Glendale and Kanab, Utah on the southwest, to the towns of Escalante and Boulder on the northeast. It is slightly larger in area than the state of Delaware. The western part of the Monument is dominated by the Paunsaugunt Plateau and the Paria River, and is adjacent to Bryce Canyon National Park. This section shows the geologic progression of the Grand Staircase. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

90. Natural Bridges National Monument (Utah)
Natural Bridge Owachomo at Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah, USANatural Bridge Owachomo at Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah, USA [ Photo by Laban712 / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryNatural Bridges National Monument is a U.S. National Monument located about 50 miles (80 km) north west of the Four Corners boundary of southeast Utah, in the western United States, at the junction of White Canyon and Armstrong Canyon, part of the Colorado River drainage. It features the eighth largest natural bridge in the world, carved from the white Permian sandstone of the Cedar Mesa Formation that gives White Canyon its name. The three bridges in the park are named Kachina, Owachomo, and Sipapu (the largest), which are all Hopi names. A natural bridge is formed through erosion by water flowing in the stream bed of the canyon. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

91. Rainbow Bridge National Monument (Utah)
Rainbow Bridge National MonumentRainbow Bridge National Monument [ Photo by Jason Hickey / CC BY 2.0 ]

Satellite ImageryRainbow Bridge National Monument is administered by Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, southern Utah, USA. Rainbow Bridge is often described as the world's highest natural bridge. The span of Rainbow Bridge was reported in 1974 by the Bureau of Reclamation to be 275 feet (84 m), but a laser measurement in 2007 has resulted in a span of 234 feet (71 m). At the top it is 42 feet (13 m) thick and 33 feet (10 m) wide. Two other natural arches, Kolob Arch and Landscape Arch, both also in southern Utah, have confirmed spans several meters longer than Rainbow Bridge, but by most definitions of the terms they are considered to be arches rather than bridges. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

92. Timpanogos Cave National Monument (Utah)
Heart of Timpanogos, Timpanogos Cave National MonumentHeart of Timpanogos, Timpanogos Cave National Monument [ Photo by Scott Catron / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryTimpanogos Cave National Monument is a cave system in the Wasatch mountains in American Fork Canyon near American Fork, Utah, in the United States. The 1.5 mile trail to the cave is steep at several points, but paved and wide, so the cave opening is accessible to most. Tours are run when the monument is open, usually from May through October depending on snow conditions. There are three main chambers accessible in the tour: Hansen Cave, Middle Cave, and Timpanogos Cave. Many colorful cave features or speleothems can be seen. Among the most interesting are the helictites, which are like hollowed straws of rock. They are thought to be formed when water travels through the tube and then evaporates, leaving a small mineral deposit at the end. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

93. Buck Island Reef National Monument (Virgin Islands)
Buck Island Reef National Monument, St. Croix, USVBuck Island Reef National Monument, St. Croix, USV [ Photo by Katka Nemčoková / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryBuck Island Reef National Monument, or just Buck Island is a small, uninhabited, 176 acre (712,000 m²) island about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north of the northeast coast of Saint Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. It was first established as a protected area by the U.S. Government in 1948, with the intention of preserving “one of the finest marine gardens in the Caribbean Sea.” The U.S. National Monument was created in 1961 by John F. Kennedy and greatly expanded in 2001 by Bill Clinton, over the bitter opposition of local fishermen. Most of the Monument area, which is administered by the National Park Service, is underwater and attracts around 50,000 visitors a year. With its 4,554-acre (18.43 km2) long reef there is plenty to explore and experience in the water. Snorkelers can follow an underwater marked trail on the eastern tip. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

94. Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument (Virgin Islands)
Trunk Bay in St. JohnTrunk Bay in St. John [ Photo by Johnpaulribaudo / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryThe clear waters surrounding Saint John support a diverse and complex system of coral reefs. The health of these reefs is closely tied to its component plants and animals as well as adjacent non-coral marine environments such as sandy bottoms, seagrass beds, and mangrove forests. Seeking to provide greater protection to the sensitive coral reef resources, President Clinton established the Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument on January 17, 2001. The monument includes 12,708 acres (51 km²) of federal submerged lands within the 3 mile (5 km) belt off Saint John, including Hurricane Hole and areas north and south of Saint John. The coral reefs of the U.S. Virgin Islands suffered severely from coral bleaching in 2005, which led to a 60 % decline in coral activity. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

95. Booker T. Washington National Monument (Virginia)
Bust of Booker Taliaferro Washington at the site of the Booker T. Washington National Monument, Franklin County, Virginia.Bust of Booker Taliaferro Washington at the site of the Booker T. Washington National Monument, Franklin County, Virginia. [ Photo by MarmadukePercy / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Satellite ImageryThe Booker T. Washington National Monument is a National Monument near Hardy, Franklin County, Virginia. It preserves portions of the 207-acre (0.90 km²) tobacco farm on which educator and leader Booker T. Washington was born into slavery on April 5, 1856. It provides interpretation of Washington's life and achievements, as well as interpretation of 1850s slavery and farming through the use of buildings, gardens, crafts and animals. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

96. George Washington Birthplace National Monument (Virginia)
Memorial House at the birthplace site of George Washington,Memorial House at the birthplace site of George Washington, [ Photo by James G. Howes / free for use ]

Satellite ImageryThe George Washington Birthplace National Monument is in Westmoreland County, Virginia, United States. Originally settled by John Washington, George Washington's great-grandfather, George Washington was born here on February 22, 1732. He lived here until age three, returning later as a teenager. The George Washington Birthplace National Monument, where Pope's Creek joins the Potomac River, is representative of 18th-century Virginia tobacco farms. A Memorial House with 18th century furnishings is open to visitors. The park's farm buildings, groves of trees, livestock, gardens, and crops of tobacco and wheat, represent the boyhood environment Washington knew. George Washington's great-grandfather settled this plantation in 1657 at the original site on Bridges Creek. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

97. Hanford Reach National Monument (Washington)
Columbia River in Hanford Reach National Monument, WashingtonColumbia River in Hanford Reach National Monument, Washington [ Photo by pfly / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]

Satellite ImageryThe Hanford Reach National Monument is a national monument in the U.S. State of Washington. It was created in 2000, mostly from the former security buffer surrounding the Hanford Nuclear Reservation (Hanford Site). The area has been untouched by development or agriculture since 1943. The monument is named after the Hanford Reach, the last non-tidal, free-flowing section of the Columbia River in the United States, and is one of only two National Monuments administered by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. President Bill Clinton established the monument by presidential decree in 2000. Ancestors of the Wanapum People, Yakama Nation, Confederated Tribes of the Colville, Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation and the Nez Perce used the land for hunting and resource collecting. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

98. Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument (Washington)
Plumes of steam, gas, and ash often occurred at Mount St. Helens in the early 1980s. On clear days they could be seen from Portland, Oregon, 50 mi (80 km) to the south.Plumes of steam, gas, and ash often occurred at Mount St. Helens in the early 1980s. On clear days they could be seen from Portland, Oregon, 50 mi (80 km) to the south. [ Photo by Lyn Topinka, CVO Photo Archive / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryMount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument is a U.S. National Monument that includes the area around Mount St. Helens in Washington. It was established on August 27, 1982 by U.S. President Ronald Reagan following the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens. The 110,000 acre (445 km²) National Volcanic Monument was set-aside for research, recreation, and education. Inside the Monument, the environment is left to respond naturally to the disturbance. Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument was the United States' first such monument managed by the United States Forest Service. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

99. Devils Tower National Monument (Wyoming)
Devils Tower National MonumentDevils Tower National Monument [ Photo by Colin.faulkingham / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryDevils Tower (Lakota: Mato Tipila, which means “Bear Lodge”) is a monolithic igneous intrusion or volcanic neck located in the Black Hills near Hulett and Sundance in Crook County, northeastern Wyoming, above the Belle Fourche River. It rises dramatically 1,267 feet (386 m) above the surrounding terrain and the summit is 5,112 feet (1,558 m) above sea level. Devils Tower was the first declared United States National Monument, established on September 24, 1906, by President Theodore Roosevelt. The Monument's boundary encloses an area of 1,347 acres (5.45 km2). The name Devil's Tower originated in 1875 during an expedition led by Col. Richard Irving Dodge when his interpreter misinterpreted the name to mean Bad God's Tower. This was later shortened to the Devil's Tower. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

100. Fossil Butte National Monument (Wyoming)
Fossile Butte National Monument, Wyoming, USA. View of the eponym Fossil Butte in the vicinity of the Historic Quarry Trail.Fossile Butte National Monument, Wyoming, USA. View of the eponym Fossil Butte in the vicinity of the Historic Quarry Trail. [ Photo by Phil Stoffer (USGS) / public domain ]

Satellite ImageryFossil Butte National Monument is a unit of the National Park Service located 15 miles west of Kemmerer, Wyoming; the national monument was established on October 23, 1972. The site preserves the best paleontological record of Tertiary aquatic communities in North America and possibly the world, within the 50-million-year-old Green River lake beds. Fossils preserved, including fish, alligators, bats, turtles, dog-sized horses, insects, and many other species of plants and animals suggest that the region was a low, subtropical, freshwater basin when the sediments accumulated, over about a 2 million-year period. Coal mining for the railroad led to the settlement of the nearby town of Fossil, Wyoming, now a ghost town. When the fossils were discovered, miners dug them up to sell to collectors. In particular, Lee Craig sold fossils from 1897 to 1937. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)